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The mines were worked by prisoners of war from southwest Asia who presumably spoke a Northwest Semitic language, such as the Canaanite that was ancestral to Phoenician and Hebrew. Oakland: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. and mrw-wood …. © Copyright 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 by David Olmsted with all rights reserved except where noted on certain pages and on particular images which often have looser restrictions. Serabit el-Khadim, en hethert.org; Este artículo es una traducción parcial del existente en wikipedia:fr (1 de abril de 2009) Datos: Q1462523; Multimedia: Esta página se editó por última vez el 4 jul 2020 a las 15:17. This page was last edited on 28 December 2019, at 04:38. The above effort was a prelude to a much more ambitious and well planned under-taking by Harvard University. My western frontier is at Manu-mountain (the mythical mountain across the western desert) and I rule ….. and my power overwhelms them that are across the sand all together. The Official Alphabetic Akkadian texts at Sinai turquoise mine of Serabit el-Khadim mention a "dehydrated sun." The Decipherment and Significance of the Inscriptions", Harvard Theological Review, Vol. It’s believed the Hebrew script was adapted from the Phoenician script possibly as early as the ninth century BCE and was later heavily influenced by the Aramaic script (Robinson 1995: 172). He also suggested that these inscriptions were an alphabetic form of writing independent of hieroglyphics and cuneiform (Petri 1906: p 132). Archaeological excavation, initially by Sir Flinders Petrie, revealed ancient mining camps and a long-lived Temple of Hathor, the Egyptian goddess who was favoured as a protector in desert regions. One to whom the kingship of the Black Land (the Nile delta lands of upper Egypt) and the Red Land (lower Egypt) was given, all foreign land being beneath my feet. Rocks in the ravine of Sarâbit el Khâdim. The presence of Middle Kingdom expeditions in Serabit el-Khadim is commemorated by numerous rock inscriptions at the mines and by the monuments dedicated to the goddess Hathor in the temple. 21, No. This red sandstone sphinx, ca.1800 BC, was discovered in 1904–1905 by Sir William Flinders Petrie in the temple ruins at Serabit el-Khadim, a copper and turquoise mining area on the West coast on the Sinai peninsula.The sphinx appears to be a votive to the Hathor, the goddess associated with turquoise. Nature Pagan Ethics: Law of Attraction/Return, Nature Pagan Ethics: The Dangers of Dualism and Lordification, Spiritual Training: Divination and Meditation, Spiritual Training: Connective Communication, Nature is the Authority: The Enlightenment (1680 - 1800), Nature Celebrated: The Romantic Poets (1800-1880), Healing Tradition of the Unity Church (1870-present), Jesus Theme 1: Sacred-Power-Space Starts Small but Grows Large​, Jesus Theme 2: Sacred-Power-Space is Here but Unseen, Jesus Theme 4: Growing Sacred-Power-Space, Jesus Theme 5: Live with Spiritual Awareness, Jesus Theme 6: Spirituality and Dogmatism do not Mix, Jesus Betrayed: Development of Christianity, Paganism in Christianity - Pope Clement (98 CE), Pagan Paradigm: Mid-East Life-Growth Thread Deities, Pagan Paradigm: Sumerian Motion Thread Deities, Sumerians Called themselves "Dark Living People", (SUS 01-03) Sumerian Divine Network Seals, (SUS 04-06) Sumerian Land Fertility Seals, (SUS 07-08) Sumerian Inanna Cylinder Seals, (Levant 01) el-Khadir Spearheads (850 BCE), (Levant 03) Kfar Veradim Bronze Bowl (700 BCE? 2 (April 1932), p. 130-203. [1] The mines were worked by prisoners of war from southwest Asia who presumably spoke a Northwest Semitic language, such as the Canaanite that was ancestral to Phoenician and Hebrew. Where was it found, and when? Serabit el Khadim is the most significant Pharaonic site in the Sinai, and the Temple of Hathor is the only Pharaonic temple. "The Early Diffusion of the Alphabet", Vol. Serabit el-Khadim is from that period, (b) the Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions at Wadi el-Hol date to the late 12th Dynasty, based on context, according to most scholars (see below), and (c) certain character signs seem to be directly related to older Starting in 1906 AD, sixteen ancient Hebrew inscriptions from Egypt were discovered by Hilda & William Matthew Flinders Petrie at four sites: Serabit el-Khadim, Wadi Nasb, Wadi el-Hol and in Lahun. الخادم‎ Arabic pronunciation: [saraːˈbiːtˤ alˈχaːdɪm]; also transliterated Serabit al-Khadim, Serabit el-Khadem) is a locality in the southwest Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, where turquoise was mined extensively in antiquity, mainly by the ancient Egyptians. After a century of study and the initial publication by Sir Flinders Petrie, researchers agree on the decipherment of a single phrase, cracked in 1916 by Alan Gardiner: לבעלת l bÊ¿lt (to the Lady) [baÊ¿lat (Lady) being a title of Hathor and the feminine of the title BaÊ¿al (Lord) given to the Semitic god], although the word m’hb (loved) is frequently cited as a second word. His article "The Serabit Inscriptions: II. Pagan Life: Religion or Spiritual Practice? The mountain contained turquoise mines which were visited by repeated expeditions over 800 years. The Decipherment and Significance of the Inscriptions" provides an early detailed study of the inscriptions and some dozen B/W photographs, hand-drawings and analysis of the previously published inscriptions, #346, 349, 350-354, and three new inscriptions… Fine woods of God ’ s land … ( Redford 1992 p 151 ) Harvard Mission graphic... Teaching site K. and Blake, R., “The Serabit Inscriptions:.... 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