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A key aspect of security governance is defining the roles and responsibilities of executives related to information security. The FEAF is the most comprehensive of all the enterprise architectures in use [SESS07], and this section provides an overview of it. The ARM provides guidance in developing a uniform scheme for documenting system, components, and interfaces and for managing application portfolios. The SRM provides guidance in risk-adjusted security/privacy protection and in the design and implementation of security controls. It is purely a methodology to assure business alignment. (2) Concept of Management Regarding Information Security. The extent to which information security activities increase the brand value as well as the trust of the customers and partners. Information security is the umbrella term used to describe the collection of processes and technologies employed to protect information. Throughout the phases of the ADM, guidance will be offered on security-specific information which should be gathered, steps which should be taken, and artifacts which should be created. Figure 2.7 illustrates the interactions among the reference models. It also provides a foundation for achieving risk-appropriate information system security, determining what circumstances and which security controls a… Provide oversight and coordination of policies, Provide oversight of business unit compliance, Monitor actions to enforce accountability, Financial reporting, monetizing losses, conforming to policies, Provide information security protection commensurate with the risk and business impact, Develop the controls environment and activities, Report on effectiveness of policies, procedures, and practices, Policy violations, misuse of assets, internal control violations, Provide security for information and systems, Periodic assessments of assets and their associated risks, Implement policies and procedures to cost-effectively reduce risk to acceptable levels, Perform periodic testing of security and controls, Risk assessment and impact analysis, control environment activities, remedial actions, policy and procedure compliance, security and control test results, Security policies, security operations, and resources, Develop, maintain, and ensure compliance with the program, Designate a security officer with primary duties and training, Develop required policies to support the security program and business-unit-specific needs, Assist senior managers with their security responsibilities, Security awareness effectiveness, incident response and impact analysis, security program effectiveness, information integrity, effects on information processing. Each domain is defined in terms of a set of artifacts, which are essentially items of documentation that describe part or all of an architecture. An information security model architecture mimics this in many ways. Governance, risk, and compliance in Azure - Azure Architecture Center | Microsoft Docs An example of an ARM artifact for this domain is a system/application evolution diagram. This plan involves ensuring that strategic objectives remain valid and in line with business needs as well as procedures to communicate the value. But the essential security governance functions to be performed are in essence the same across organizations. Is it any wonder that these companies, and others like them, are very concerned about their information? The contextual layer is at the top and includes business re… Other artifacts provide detailed documentation of infrastructure elements. In some larger enterprises, the two roles are separate, with a CSO responsible for physical security and a CISO in charge of digital security. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Other service providers and organizations with business customers traditionally did not provided this level of transparency. This inventory may support improved strategic management of the information assets, apart from security concerns, which may enhance corporate value. Current-state assessment: The planning team analyzes the current state of all the IT-related systems and policies and compares these with the long-range outlook, paying special attention to the key drivers developed in the preceding phase. Information Security Metrics: Examples & Overview, Quiz & Worksheet - Information Security Models, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What is Information Security? To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. The information we use in the course of a day is important, and so is securing that information. As indicated in the Information Security Governance Framework [OHKI09], reporting to stakeholders serves two purposes: Accountability: Reporting enables stakeholders to ensure that information security is being managed effectively, and it should include the following: Effect on corporate value: Reporting should disclose the following: Estimates of the costs and benefits of making an inventory of information assets. The way in which the component parts of an entity are arranged, organized, and managed. Oversees the organization’s day-to-day operations on behalf of the CEO, creating the policies and strategies that govern operations. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. (4) Information Security Measures Planning and Goals, (5) Results and Evaluation of Information Security Measures. The architecture is typically organized as high-level internally compatible representations of organizational business models, data, applications, and information technology infrastructure. Visit the Information & Computer Security Training page to learn more. An enterprise architecture is a powerful methodology for enabling enterprise and security governance, and it should be viewed as an essential element of governance. Articles. Application reference model (ARM): Categorizes the system- and application-related standards and technologies that support the delivery of service capabilities. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. The evaluate function triggers communication with stakeholders in the form of a report, which can be issued annually, more frequently, or based on a security incident. Regular reviews: Monthly reviews based on a wide variety of input help ensure that the strategic plan and governance decisions are followed. This architecture provides information on how security capabilities (for example, identity and access management) are placed and used in the enterprise architecture. just create an account. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. They employ techniques and technologies from an area called information security. Two breakdowns of responsibility are useful in showing how to structure security-related roles in an organization. For example, public cloud service providers share considerable detail about the information security program and even go the extent of allowing customers to conduct audits and vulnerability testing with prior arrangement. It determines the access levels appropriate to what information. Identity and access management is a critical business function to ensure that only valid users have authorized access to the corporate data that can reside across applications. IT management must be guided by strategic planning to meet these challenges. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. An information security model is a template that describes how information security should be laid out and governed within an organization. Burger King records customer preferences in an effort to identify that next big taste fad, Best Buy tracks consumer buying habits in an effort to predict stock levels, and Amazon collects online purchase transactions in an effort to determine if they are profitable. The result is a set of recommendations for adjustments to IT’s focus areas and spending plans. During this phase, the team reviews the enterprise strategies, technology trends, employee trends, and so on to better understand the future environment that will shape the IT organization and its deliverables. The need to move beyond IT management and to ensure that the IT planning process is integrated with enterprise strategic planning follows from two strategic factors: mission necessity and enterprise maturity [JUIZ15]. FIGURE 2.4 Framework for Security Governance. FIGURE 2.3 Intel’s IT Strategic Planning Process. - Systems & Applications, IT Requirements Documents: Definition, Templates & Examples, What is File Compression? Intel’s IT strategic planning process comprises six phases, as shown in Figure 2.3. An information security model describes how information security should be laid out and governed within an organization. Nevertheless, enterprise workl… Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Strategy for integrating the security program with the organization’s business and IT strategy. This works in conjunction with the first point. - Definition & Overview, What is a Spoofing Attack? The basic security governance functions are as follows: Direct: Guiding security management from the point of view of enterprise strategies and risk management. Monitor: Monitoring the performance of security management with measurable indicators. This plan involves planning and maintaining a stakeholder feedback loop, measuring progress against objectives, and ensuring that strategic objectives remain valid and in line with business needs. Think of it like the blueprint for a building. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Governance determines the groupings of information, and what level of access applies to them. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The Business Software Alliance’s Information Security Governance: Toward a Framework for Action [BSA03] proposes a governance framework based on three categories (see Table 2.2): Governance/business drivers: What am I required to do? Section 5, in particular, involves providing a status update, which should be in sufficient detail for stakeholders to determine whether information security activities are being carried out as planned. It allocates security requirements and controls to common services or infrastructures. For example, it can range from an entry in a log to an armed guard response. Includes the purpose of issue of the report, cautions relating to usage, target periods and responsible departments. In smaller organizations, a number of these roles may be assumed by a single individual. More and more companies are implementing a formal enterprise security architecture process to support the governance and management of IT. An annual plan to achieve agreed objectives that involves agreeing on budgets, resources, tools, policies, and initiatives. The management activity involved in enterprise strategic planning is described in the Strategic Management Group’s Strategic Planning Basics [SMG17] as an activity used to set priorities, focus energy and resources, strengthen operations, ensure that employees and other stakeholders are working toward common goals, establish agreement around intended outcomes/results, and assess and adjust the organization’s direction in response to a changing environment. These activities may create unintended barriers to flexibility and introduce new areas of risk. Shop now. Describes factors that determine strategy and the priorities of objectives. David has over 40 years of industry experience in software development and information technology and a bachelor of computer science. The domains provided a standardized language and framework for describing and analyzing investments and operations. Services. 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