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Although they found no significant increased premature births, they say "more work is needed to document and ensure the health of an increasingly older maternal population of second-time mothers in a nation where caesarean delivery rates are high.". But, so far, studies have been limited. August 9, 2019, 11:18 AM Content on this website is for information only. Medical Examiner After the One-Child Policy China changed its single child restriction in 2016, but the country still has a lot of work to do toward making motherhood work for women. BMJ. However, three months later, George Osborne, the then Chancellor, announced that child tax credits would be limited to the first two children only. Scientists Show What Loneliness Looks Like ... 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Daily science news on research developments and the latest scientific innovations, The latest engineering, electronics and technology advances, The most comprehensive sci-tech news coverage on the web. It is the first study to use national data to estimate the impacts of the policy change and shows that births increased in response to the policy, but not as much as some policymakers had hoped. China's two-child policy has led to 5.4 million extra births: Births have increased, but not as much as some policymakers had hoped. More than four months after the two-child policy was instituted, … Your opinions are important to us. Demick found a family in rural China that had lost a child… For three decades, China operated the "one-child" policy of population control.This was abandoned in 2016 in favor of a two-child policy to boost the labor force. The researchers estimate an additional 5.4 million births as a result of the new policy during the first 18 months that it was in effect. This document is subject to copyright. There has been much speculation about the impact of the policy, with projections ranging from slightly over 1 million to more than 20 million annually. China is planning is eliminate its child limitation mandate for families – a major reversal of a policy that has been in place for four decades. This is an observational study, so can't establish cause, and the researchers outline some limitations relating to the validity and representativeness of the data. This is an observational study, so can't establish cause, and the researchers outline some limitations relating to the validity and representativeness of the data. The researchers estimate an additional 5.4 million births as a result of the new policy during the first 18 months that it was in effect. Although they found no significant increased premature births, they say "more work is needed to document and ensure the health of an increasingly older maternal population of second-time mothers in a nation where caesarean delivery rates are high.". Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization of women accompanied second or subsequent pregnancies. The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Medical Xpress in any form. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. However, they point out that many of the changes associated with the policy, including the increase in births, appeared to diminish at the end of the study period, raising questions about whether the policy's effects will be sustained. But, so far, studies have been limited. ScienceDaily shares links with sites in the. After becoming a mother, a filmmaker uncovers the untold history of China's one-child policy and the generations of parents and children forever shaped by this social experiment. Their findings are based on 67.8 million births in 28 out of 31 provinces of mainland China, an average of 1.41 million births per month. So a team of researchers based in China and the US set out to measure changes in births and health-related birth characteristics associated with the policy change. There is no evidence of consultations with stakeholders at the local or institutional level before this policy was imple… August 9, 2019 5:45 PM ET. Replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence Chinese couples can have two children was passed this past,! Recipient 's address will be used for any other purpose policy that introduced! This past October, reactions were mixed and replaced it with a “ two-child policy, under married! 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