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I am a college student and avid outdoorsmen in the great state of Georgia. By: Scott Einsmann Posted on: July 7, 2017. Bowhunting . Most deer may look the same to the untrained eye, but whitetail and mule deer have some striking differences. Furthermore, whitetail deer have reddish-brown fur, while mule deer have greyish-brown fur. The most numerous and widespread deer species is the highly adaptable white-tailed deer, which lives across much of North America, from urban environments to remote wilderness areas. Ancestors of the blacktail deer migrated from modern-day Alaska down along the west coast of the modern-day United States. We have already talked about how whitetail and mule deer have very different attitudes. As with everything else in nature, these rules do not hold true all the time and there is plenty of variation in antler growth, but these are good general rules of thumb. link to Can You Duck Hunt Without Calling. Their antlers tend to look more like whitetail antlers. Following the ice age, these deer suddenly had fewer predators and were able to expand outside of their normal home ranges. Mule deer and whitetails have very similar coat colors during most times of the year but side by side you could tell the difference. I have hunted whitetail for my whole life and every now and then I will see deer with more blonde or more red coats, so these rules do not hold up 100% of the time. The mule deer’s scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus, which means (according to Conserve Nature.org) “hollowed toothed half-ass”. So the mule deer soon took over and dominated the area. The reason for this is their diets and the climates they live in. Mule deer have a rather large white patch on their butts and their tails are white with a black tip on the end. This does not mean that you cannot spook them, it just means it is a little harder to. The whitetail deer, otherwise known as the Virginia deer, is a member of the North American deer family. The whitetail deer has a generally smaller body compared to the mule deer. If you have any other questions about the differences in mule deer and whitetail deer or just want to connect, feel free to email me at Patrick.Long@omegaoutdoors.net. While they both look similar, there are certain aspects of their appearance that will be easy to pick out once you know what you are looking for. This breeding inefficiency is one of the many reasons that mule deer populations have declined in recent years. “Hollowed toothed” refers to the structure of the mule deer’s molars, while “half-ass” references its large ears, which are reminiscent of a mule or donkey.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-box-4','ezslot_9',110,'0','0'])); Another key aspect of each species are their antlers. Mule Deer vs. Whitetail Deer. Most of those plants are forbs, shrubs, saplings, and man-made food plots. Share. The mule deer, otherwise known as black-tailed deer, can be found throughout western North America down to southern Baja Mexico as well as in certain Canadian provinces. I love hunting whitetail, ducks, and turkey, but most of all I love to learn. Mule deer have light or white faces, while whitetail deer … These maps are from deerfamily.comand mt.gov. In North America, there are two very popular types of deer when it comes to deer hunting. Everyone has their own opinions on the secret to whitetail deer movement, and when the best time to be in the woods is. Mule deer have a rather large white patch on their butts and their tails are white with a black tip on the end. This particular mammal can live up to 11 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. Omega Outdoors is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. For around 4 million years they have existed nearly unchanged. Whitetail, on the other hand, have brown faces and foreheads with white circles around their eyes and white jaws, as well as some white on their necks.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-4','ezslot_5',109,'0','0']));Mule Deer(Left), Whitetail(right). Although bucks may travel outside this distance during the rut. When you first start duck hunting, it can be pretty intimidating. Whitetails don't do that. Mule deer and whitetail deer also grow their antlers differently. The body size of a deer depends on plenty of factors including, nutrition, time of year, age, health, and geographical location. Both of these options keep us from moving around too much and whitetail seeing us. Whitetail deer were expanding out what is now the southeast United States. Mule deer take 7 months to produce a fawn while whitetail deer take only 6.5 months. Finally, mule deer and whitetails have slightly different color patterns as adults. Mule deer and whitetail, more or less, eat the same things. They are grazers that feed off of hundreds of different plants. Mule deer, on the other hand, have only existed for around 10,000 years. Its cousin, … Please read the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Waiting for deer to come out to places of interest like food sources or bedding areas is much easier than spot and stalk tactics in the thickets.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_1',116,'0','0'])); As for mule deer, these same strategies may be harder to use due to the terrain they live in. Whitetail deer use speed and agility to outrun their predators. They have to travel so much that they are considered to migrate further than any other animal in the lower 48.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-leader-1','ezslot_13',113,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-leader-1','ezslot_14',113,'0','1'])); Whitetail are typically fairly skittish animals. Also, mule deer tend to be much more laid back and less jittery. These are the whitetail deer and the mule deer. Their “hopping” is the classic fleeing mechanism that people picture when thinking of mule deer. If I'm not outdoors, I am probably studying for my next big test, hanging out with my friends and family, or I am making content for the community around this blog. To start off, mule deer have much larger home ranges than whitetail do. The mule deer may not be as fast as the whitetail deer but they are effective in moving through rugged terrain. Mule deer and whitetail do not share the same core ranges, though they do overlap. Mule deer have a white or light coloured face with a medium to heavy brow over their eyes. Although true hybrids are very rare in the wild and most hybrids do not make it to adulthood. These big ears will let them hear much farther away, and keep them safe in the rocky mountains. Unlike the whitetail, mule deer do not have bushy tails, their tails are almost rope-like and thin and are not used as a danger signal like whitetail tails are. Their coloration can vary greatly but they tend to look more like mule deer. The second reproductive difference between these species is their gestation period. This is the most popular tactic in places like the Midwest, Northeast, and South because of the thick cover. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) range from Mexico to northern British Columbia and southern Yukon Territory. Mule Deer vs Whitetail Deer If you’re a hunter or nature enthusiast in areas where there are deer, you are probably keen to find out the differences between mule deer and whitetail deer. Looking at their faces, the whitetail deer has a brown face with white circles around its eyes and nose, whereas the mule deer has a mostly white face. There are many different species of deer around the world. However, I’ve seen whitetail deer with medium brows over their eyes, as well. Difference between Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle, Difference between English and American bulldog, Has a brown face with white circles around eyes and nose, Ears are smaller in proportion to the head, Ears are larger in proportion to the head, Antlers have a main shaft with lines pointing upwards, Fat dark tail, with completely white underside, Has a graceful body and runs with tail lifted, Has a less graceful body and runs without lifting its tail, Difference between a Whitetail Deer and a Mule Deer. The distance between those mountain tops and valleys can easily be over a hundred miles. They have a graceful body and they run with tails lifted. Odocoileus Virginianus is the name for the whitetail deer, Odocoileus meaning “hollowed tooth” referring to the tooth structure, and Virginianus meaning “of Virginia”. Your leading source for becoming a better hunter. They have a single main beam that all other points grow from. We can do this by climbing up in a tree stand or sitting in a ground blind. Identifying a deer is easier if only one species lives in the area but the range of whitetail deer and mule deer overlaps (as well as a few other species of deer with smaller ranges). One of the more obvious but often quite confusing difference between the two is their tails. We use this information to hunt each species in a specialized way, which leads to more successful hunts. Mule deer, on the other hand, spend their summers in the mountain tops and winters in the valleys, chasing the best food available, and warmth at lower elevations during the winter. The whitetail deer is an herbivore and has an average lifespan of 5-11 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. The whitetail deer has more of a reddish hue to its coat.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-3','ezslot_10',108,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',108,'0','1'])); And during the summer whitetail shed their fall coats in favor of a lighter, even redder, summer coat. Unlike the whitetail, mule deer do not have bushy tails, their tails are almost rope-like and thin and are not used as a danger signal like whitetail tails are.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-banner-1','ezslot_4',111,'0','0'])); Whitetail deer have a brown rear end with white coming up from their bellies and legs. This white part is seen when the whitetail deer raises its tail up (known as flagging) when alerted of the presence of a predator. Fewer predators and were able to expand outside of their normal home ranges than do. Have some striking differences months to produce a fawn while whitetail deer has! 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