Elm and Oak are probably the only types of wood that I would recommend using the end grain as your first method for identification. Mulberry is another species of firewood that is easiest to identify using color. Hickory wood is a little bit coarse compared to other woods. As it matures, it develops several ridges. If you find a tree with leaves meeting these characteristics, then you’ve found yourself an Oak. To identify Ash firewood, look for a light white/brown color that is consistent throughout the wood. The extreme contrast of the two colors is a distinct property of hickory wood and is often on the same piece of wood. For example, Ash has big parallel ridges in its bark that almost looks like small wooden mountain ranges. For Mulberry, you are looking for a dark red heartwood (center of the wood) and a whitish sapwood (outer ring of the wood). Plus, the other species’ should have different types of thorns. However, overall bark is a great approach for identifying firewood. And Hickory has bark that grows in thin “plates” that sometimes hang or flake off (like with Shagbark Hickory). So if there are no leaves available to identify a potential piece of Maple, I’d take a look at the bark next. The moral of the story, is if you find a piece of wood with thorns like in the image above, then you probably have a piece of Black Locust. The bark of a young shagbark hickory tree is brown, but it will turn gray as the tree ages. Elm leaves are alternate-simple, meaning they grow in a “left-right-left” pattern along branches, and each leaf is single (e.g. The easiest way to identify Black Locust firewood is using it’s bright yellow/brown color. Hickory Wood: Characteristics. The primary... How to Measure a Chainsaw Chain (Easy & Accurate). The tips of the leaves of the shagbark hickory tree have dense groupings of hairs that are individually quite thin. left-right-left), and each leaf grows individually (e.g. For a leaf to be opposite means that where one leaf grows, there is always another one growing in parallel (e.g. Scrape the wood in an inconspicuous place to get a good look at the original color and grain before you attempt to ascertain the type with a wood identification app or online hardwood floor types and pictures. In fact, you may not even be able to see them clearly from the photo above. In addition to being alternate-compound, Black Locust leaves have a very high number of leaflets (anywhere from 9-19 per compound leaf). Not all types of Hickory have bark that hangs as freely as Shagbark does, but most still have bark that grows in flaky “sheets”. Look at the tree’s distinctive buds. Examine the grain. Take a look at the end grain of your piece of firewood. Hickory wood is a durable wood used to make floors, cabinets, furniture and even handles for tools. Be aware, however, that the tree can be cultivated in other areas. Beech also produces excellent coals, minimal smoke, and a nice fragrance. The tricky thing about using leaves is that you may not have any available when you’re at a firewood pile.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'burlybeaver_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_12',107,'0','0'])); But, if you do have leaves available, it can be a great tool for identifying the type of wood you’re looking at. See the image below: So, if you’re looking at a branch and you can see thorns, then you’re down to a handful of potential options. Plus, the bottom of the leaves may feel fuzzy, almost like a peach. How to Identify Hickory Wood Hickory trees are harvested for both their nuts and wood. But for Elm, the rings are wavy and almost look “blurry”. Look at the color of the young wood that was on the outside of the tree trunk. So, let’s look at one alternative method as well: In the picture below, I’ve got a piece of Maple wood. The other type of firewood where you can see the rays is Sycamore, but the lines are much smaller and closer together. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'burlybeaver_com-leader-4','ezslot_20',117,'0','0'])); Below is an image of a few Elm leaves. Whereas for Ash trees, the compound leaf stems grow opposite to each other on the branches. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. I've been collecting firewood, planting trees, and woodworking since before I could hold an axe. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'burlybeaver_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_17',110,'0','0'])); If you happen to have a leaf on hand, you can also identify Oak using the leaves. Wholesome Gear, LLC is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. In the image above, you’ll see the bark of a Shagbark hickory tree, which gives a great example of this. Be aware, however, that the tree can be cultivated in other areas. Open the fruit with a knife. This is called the heartwood. Beech Firewood (Everything You Need to Know). The bark of a young shagbark hickory tree is brown, but it will turn gray as the tree ages. She has also written for various online publications. Some may have sharply-pointed teeth, others more rounded serrations. The hardwood lumber industry, though, doesn't distinguish between them. If the other two techniques don’t work for you, and if leaves are available, this can be a more accurate way of identifying Ash. Mulberry trees have alternate-simple leaves. Now that we’ve walked through some of the most common approaches for identifying firewood, we’ll jump into our favorite identification tricks for 10 of the most common firewood species here in the Midwest USA: Pine is one of the easiest types of firewood to identify. left-right-left, etc.). Plus it’s easy to identify Sycamore by the light white/green color of it’s bark. Without the ability to consistently identify common types of firewood, you won’t be able to intentionally select firewood for your wood stove or campfire.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'burlybeaver_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',103,'0','0'])); The good news is, that with a few simple techniques, you’ll be able to identify many of the most common firewood species’. For a leaf to be simple, means that each leaf contains only one leaf (simple) and is not a series of leaves stuck together (compound). Oak is a common hardwood that’s great for heating, and Pine works well for outdoor campfires. On Ash, especially on larger trees, the bark forms in large parallel ridges. ft. Welcome to the site! Wholesome Gear, LLC may also participate in affiliate programs with other sites. I’d recommend always using the end grain to identify Elm, but you can use the leaves as a back-up plan. So, if you find a piece of wood with rays, and it’s not Sycamore, then it’s got to be Oak. But this only works for freshly cut logs, because the color fades as the wood dries. Wholesome Gear, LLC is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The shagbark hickory tree grows naturally in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 5 through 8A. Also, Oaks are the trees that produce acorns, so if you see any acorns, then you’re likely looking at an Oak tree. Color can be a great approach for wood like Cherry, or Mulberry, which have unique coloration. To measure a chainsaw chain you need to find the pitch, gauge, and link count. Nowadays, hickory wood is also used to smoke, cure and barbeque meats giving them that distinct hickory flavor. 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