making, and problem solving. It is introspective thinking that questions everything and everyone. co-workers, mediating conflicts and solving complex problems. Critical thinking processes are most often used with ill-defined problems, i.e., problems that are complex and do not have clear ... A Systematic Process for Problem Solving which Requires Critical Thinking. Critical thinking should not be thought of as an effort to refute any particular choice or decision, but rather as a way to balance evidence, reason, and options. Abstract Critical thinking is a learned skill that requires instruction and practice. Employers greatly value the ability to develop a well thought out solution within a reasonable time frame. This One way to classify them is in terms of whether their primary emphasis is on general-purpose “vital” thinking. Critical thinking and problem solving skills are included in the IS curriculum as foundational skills. Critical thinking is thinking that drills down to the essence of a problem. BACKGROUND FOR CRITICAL THINKING AND DECISION MAKING There are at present a variety of major competing conceptions of what decision making is. Lesson – Problem Solving and Critical Thinking FOCUS: Steps to Solving a Problem 15 minutes Purpose: Problem solving and critical thinking are defined as the ability to use facts, knowledge and data to successfully solve problems.