In southern Australia the breeding season is from August to January, whereas in northern Australia the season is from May to September. Cockatoos are able to hold their food with one foot while breaking off pieces with the other. Sulphur Crested Cockatoo Facts | Anatomy, Diet, Habitat, Behavior. The sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) is a relatively large white cockatoo found in wooded habitats in Australia, and New Guinea and some of the islands of Indonesia. The word cockatoo dates from the 17th century and is a derivation from the Malay name for these birds, “kakak tua” (meaning “older sibling”) or from the call of the white cockatoo itself.  The nest is a bed of wood chips in a hollow in a tree. The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo is a large white parrot. Sulphur-crested cockatoos may no longer be imported into the United States as a result of the Wild Bird Conservation Act (WBCA). UK. Outside Australia, they have been introduced to Singapore, where their numbers have been estimated to be between 500 and 2000. The U.S. Wild Bird Act forbids the commercial import of any bird listed by CITES which includes most parrots, which are endangered or threatened. Come with us on an unforgettable journey behind the scenes during a SeaWorld or Busch Gardens Camp. Ecological niche. Often erects its crest immediately upon landing. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. They are also loud, often unleashing loud squawks or piercing screeches. The differences between the subspecies are subtle. They have a short, rounded tail. One word of caution: since these birds live a long time, owners often have to will them to someone else in case they are unable to care for them any longer. Diefenbach, K. The World of Cockatoos. Sulphur-crested cockatoos have range of visually observable expressions. Birds - Their Latin Names Explained. Sulphur-crested Cockatoos are found in a variety of timbered habitats and are common around human settlements. A 3-4 week clerkship for veterinary students wanting to augment their knowledge and experience in non-domestic animal medicine. , Sulphur-crested cockatoos, along with many other parrots, are susceptible to psittacine beak and feather disease, a viral disease, which causes birds to lose their feathers and grow grotesquely shaped beaks. Both parents take part in incubating the eggs. The ICUN lists the Sulphur-crested cockatoo as a "Least Concern, with a decreasing population trend due to ongoing habitat destruction. The Lesser Sulphur Crested cockatoo is a bird with a genuine and loveable personality, but they have a bit of a sad story. Both parents incubate the eggs and raise the nestlings. Tasmania through Victoria and New South Wales to the northern most tip of Queensland and though the northern part of the Northern Territory into the Kimberly area of Western Australia. It is similar in appearance to the three species of corellas found in Australia. Interesting facts. Forshaw, J.M. In Australia, sulphur-crested cockatoos can be found widely in the north and east, ranging from the Kimberley to as far south as Tasmania, but avoiding arid inland areas with few trees. They sport a beautiful crest of yellow feathers on top of their headsthe feature that gives them their names. Approximately 700 to 950 g (24.5 to 33.3 oz), Includes seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, and some insects. Their cry is very shrill. They may also make aggressive, unpredictable movements which can frighten people and animals unaware of the accompanying affection. Parrots of the World. At SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, we extend our commitment to the environment beyond our company by supporting a variety of conservation groups and programs. Macmillan Publishing Company. A highly intelligent bird, they are well known in aviculture, although they can be demanding pets. Consequently, they are sometimes shot or poisoned as pests. T.F.H. The expressive crest is yellow. The greater sulphur-crested cockatoo is the largest of the sulphur-crested group. The bill is black, the legs are grey, and the eye-ring is whitish. They are fairly common in much of its range but are thought to be pests. There are four recognised subspecies; Within Australia, sulphur-crested cockatoos of the nominate race have also been introduced to Perth, which is far outside the natural range. They may help with seed dispersal. Find a variety of free classroom activities that will keep your students engaged and excited to learn about animals. Government permit is required, as they are a protected species under the Australian Commonwealth Law. It has a dark grey-black bill, a distinctive sulphur-yellow crest and a yellow wash on the underside of the wings. Calls include extremely loud harsh screeches lacking any musical quality whatsoever. From fun and affordable field trips for students to amazing summer adventures, our camps combine education and entertainment in a way that connects people to the sea and sea life like nowhere else.  Two to three eggs are laid and incubation lasts between 25–27 days. Yellow-crested cockatoos (also known as lesser sulphur-crested cockatoos) are the smallest sulphur-crested parrots. Large white cockatoo with a spectacular plumed yellow crest and dark bill. Publications, 1985. Pub., 1981. They can be locally very numerous, leading to them sometimes being considered pests.A highly intelligent bird, they are well known in aviculture, although they can be demanding pets. T.F.H. 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